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Repudiatory Breach of Contract Scotland

By June 18, 2022No Comments

Repudiatory breach of contract is a term used in Scotland to describe a serious breach of contract that is so fundamental it allows the innocent party to treat the contract as terminated. This article will provide an overview of repudiatory breach of contract in Scotland and the legal remedies available to parties.

What is a Repudiatory Breach of Contract?

A repudiatory breach of contract occurs when one party to a contract indicates that they are not going to perform their obligations under the contract, or they perform their obligations in a way that shows they are not committed to the contract. This can be done through words or actions, and it must be clear that the party has no intention of continuing with the contract.

When a repudiatory breach occurs, the innocent party has the right to terminate the contract and sue for damages. However, the innocent party must accept the repudiation before it takes effect, and they must act promptly to terminate the contract. If the innocent party does not accept the repudiation and continues with the contract, they may waive their right to terminate the contract.

Legal Remedies Available

When a repudiatory breach of contract occurs, the innocent party can terminate the contract and sue for damages. The damages can include direct losses, such as lost profits, and indirect losses, such as loss of reputation or loss of future business opportunities.

In addition to damages, the innocent party can seek specific performance or an injunction. Specific performance requires the breaching party to perform their obligations under the contract, while an injunction orders the breaching party to stop doing something that is in breach of the contract.

Alternative Dispute Resolution

In Scotland, parties are encouraged to use alternative dispute resolution (ADR) methods to resolve disputes instead of going to court. ADR methods include negotiation, mediation, and arbitration. These methods can be faster and less expensive than going to court, and they can often result in a more satisfactory outcome for both parties.


A repudiatory breach of contract is a serious matter that allows the innocent party to terminate the contract and seek damages. It is important for parties to act quickly when a repudiatory breach occurs, as failure to do so may result in the loss of legal remedies. In addition, alternative dispute resolution methods can be a useful way to resolve disputes without going to court.